The birth of a new Nation - NAMIBIA
In 1884, Namibia was first declared a German colony by chancellor Otto von Bismarck, thereafter known as German South West Africa.During World War I, the colony was occupied by South Africa, a member of the British Commonwealth. In 1920, South Africa undertook full administration of the then South West Africa. On 26th August 1966 the South-West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) began guerilla attacks on the South African forces - this day is celebrated as Heroe's Day in Namibia today - and was the start of a long way to Namibia's independence.
Seeking a private place away from public media, the Joint Commission established by the Brazzaville Protocol met in an extraordinary session at Mount Etjo, in central Namibia, on 8 and 9 April 1989. Angola, Cuba and South Africa attended, as did the United States and the Soviet Union, as observers. The Special Representative and the Administrator-General attended by invitation on 9 April. At the conclusion of the meeting, the parties adopted the "Mount Etjo Declaration" of re-commitment to all aspects of the peace process, and urged the Secretary-General urgently to take all necessary measures for the most rapid and complete deployment of UNTAG so that it could fully and effectively carry out its mandate. The "Mount Etjo Declaration" was one of the most important steps leading to Namibia's Independence Day on 21 March 1990, lead by Sam Nujoma, sworn in as the first President of Namibia.
Jan and Annette Oelofse and their staff at Mount Etjo Safari Lodge were most honoured and privileged to have hosted this historical and most important event in Namibia's history. We at Mount Etjo Safari Lodge take pride in our country's progress since this day and invite all our guests and visitors to reflect upon the birth of the "Land of the Brave".
Excerpt from an official report:
"Early Saturday Morning April 8, 1989 until mid-morning on Monday, the Joint Monitoring commission met at Mount Etjo. The assembly was attended by a number of observers, including the Soviet delegation, the American delegation led by Dr Chester Crocker, the then under secretary of State for African Affairs. For the South African Delegation, Mr. Botha, the then Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mount Etjo apparently constituted one of the highlights in his political career. It was not all talk and hard bargaining, at the end of each session the delegates mingled freely and there was not a vestige of the aftermath of the protracted armed struggle which eventually even led to the involvement of Cuban mechanized and motorized forces. But these events belonged to the past, as Cubans, South Africans and Angolans enjoyed the pleasant early-autumn weather at Mount Etjo, the scenic and comfortable lodge surroundings. The delegations reaffirmed their commitment to fulfill the obligations undertaken in the accord of December 22, 1988 for the peaceful settlement of the conflict in the southwestern region of Africa in order to facilitate the restoration of peace and to promote the full application of Resolution 435. Namibia was born."
Read more about our Namibian history at the Mount Etjo Information Center.